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Word formation in Slovak language

29/07/18 ,

Formation of slovak nouns by combination


By combining roots and stems compound nouns are formed, The two elements are most frequently joined with the help of vowel -o- e.g. tlakomer(nanometer),teplomer (thermometer), liehovar(distilery), Bielorus(Byelorussian).

Here also belong compounds whose first elament has meaning close to prefix, e.g:

Polo, pol : pologuľa(hemisphere), polotma(semi-darkness), poldeň(half-day),polhárok(half-sheet), polmesiac(crescent), polnoc(midnight), poloostrov(peninsula), polrok(half- year),

Spolu-: spoluhláska(consonant), spolupráca(co-operation),

Veľ-: veľmoc( The great power), veľtrh(fair), veľvyslanec(ambasador), veľryba(whale).

Less often the compounds are formed by a simple connection of two forms ( one of them is in the genitive or in some other caseň,e.g  zemeguľa(globe) kníhtlačiareň(printing-house), pravdepodobnosť(probability), nocľah(night-shelter)


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Locative case


Locative case in Slovak language


For locative case we use questions  O kom ? O čom ?

This case is always combined with preposition.

Some examples for get to know what locative case is.

Učiteľ hovorí o študentovi.

Teacher is tlaking about student.

Rodina býva v dome.

The family is living in the house.

My ležíme na gauči.

We are lying on the sofa.

Ja študujem v noci.

I am studying at night.

Ľudia chodia po meste?

People are going along the city.

Slovensko je v Európe

Slovakia is in Europe.

Autá chodia po ceste.

Cars are going on road.


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